Administrative Unit Gruemirë – Malësi e Madhe
The Gruemirë administrative unit is the largest unit in the municipality of Malësia e Madhe. It is located in north-western Albania and is bordered by the administrative units of Koplik, Qender, Postribë and the lake of Shkodra. Other administrative boundaries coincide with natural elements such as: the Banushi stream in the west and the Vraka source in the east.
Its surface is 119.4 km2, and occupies 11.4% of the territorial area of the county to which it belongs. The administrative territory of Gruemirë unit manages 7 km of lake line and 4,003 hectares of agricultural land, 192 km of road network and includes 29 villages where the most important are: Gruemirë, Linaj, Kurtë, Rrash-Kullaj, Grudë, Vorfë , Boriç i Madh, Boric i Vogël, Omaraj, Grill, Demiraj, Ktosh, Mushtjerra, Vajush, Lepurosh, Egç etc.
The administrative unit is located in the village of Gruemirë.
The geographical position favors the hilly mediterranean climate with hot and dry summers and mild and humid winters. Temperatures reach 13-15°C in spring, 27-30°C in summer and 3-4°C in winter.
The climatic conditions favor the cultivation of tobacco, sage, spruce, oak, ash, dogwood, wild plum, etc., plants for which the unit is evaluated with a primary role.
The flat area is 36% (40.4 km) while the mountainous area is 64% (71.5 km).
Bathed 7 km from Lake Shkodra, the Gruemirë unit offers a wonderful and very attractive landscape for residents and an incomparable landscape of tourist potential for foreigners.
The presence of the Vraka spring, Rrjoll stream and the variety of wild animals and birds complete the profile of the unit as an attractive environment for the development of lake tourism and hunting sports.
The history of Gruemira dates back to the first century BC. where the first Labeat tribe lived and then with the formation of the Kingdom of Illyria in the IV-III century BC became part of the Kingdom of Ardians.
The most vivid evidence of the history of the Gruemirë unit comes from the Austro-Hungarian Albanologist Teodor Ipen in 1905, who says that “at the time of Skanderbeg, a fortification had been built on the castle of the city of Balleza as a base for opposition to the Venetic “.
In the IV-VIII century there is a tendency to build churches such as: the church of Saint John in Hysaj, the friars in Letaj, the church of Santa Maria in Rrash, Linaj and two churches in Vorfë. Part of our legacy is the church of Saint John and of Friars, while the others have been destroyed.
The presence of numerous castles and metal kitchen utensils is proof of the ancient population there.
Gruemira is mentioned for the first time in the land register of Scutari in 1416. The name is thought to derive from a tribe named Gruemiri which had its hometown in Gruemirë.
While in Albanological research it is a component of woman + good. This led to the theory that the name may have been taken after the strong leadership that a woman may have had. Another theory speaks of the classification of the toponym in the register of Shkodra in 1485 since Kurumira represents an etymology as a composition of stream (well) + good.
Its cultural profile is completed by works such as: The old arch bridge on the Rrjoll site in the village of Ktosh, which connected Malësia e Madhe with Shkodra. Also in the village of Gruemirë-çesme there are the ruins of a village that has been completely transferred to Venice. There are the ruins of a church.
Referring to archaeological, ethnographic and linguistic data, today’s Gruemira comes as a continuation of the Illyrian-Arbëresh-Albanian culture.